GN Drive Physics

The following is a topic created in some forum posted by *Kry-Havoc on deviantART the origin of this information I was unable to trace

Here is a smorgasbord of stuff that I've been thinking about regarding everything GN-related. The following is a set of ideas derived from high energy particle physics, and later on, quantum mechanics and quantum field theory. Would love to show the equations for any of this, but hell, even the professional theoretical physicists aren't sure they have their math right. Anyway, this will be a thread about my musings, derived from my time as a physics minor in undergrad. The mishmash of theoretical physics have a mathematical precedence, but I won't bore you with the math. It's messy.

And to begin this big long schpiel, we'll have to start with the heart of the matter - wtf is a GN drive?

GN Drive Mechanics

Reaction Mechanism

The true GN drives run off of "non-evaporative decay of baryonic matter," which in layman's terms means that CB has harnessed a much more exotic means of power generation than we can imagine. Baryons (such as nucleons like protons and neutrons) are particles or a conglomeration of particles that have 3 quarks (although pentaquarks theoretically exist), and the symmetry-breaking between matter and anti-matter is what allows for the existence of our universe today.

Proton decay's been estimated to have a half-life of 10^36 or so years (read Four Ages of the Universe, it's a great book). The decay of a proton results in a positron and a neutral pion (a subatomic particle related to the strong nuclear force), which in turn further decays into two gamma photons. Unlike nuclear fusion, which requires tremendous heat and pressure, the reaction here does not waste heat.

But a half-life of nearly forever! How are we gonna realistically harness energy from proton decay? I mean, by the time we wait that long, our Sun's already gone kaboom! Obviously a catalyst is required to speed up the process.


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Trans-Am: the GN drive, GN conduits, and the GN condensers

In the preceding analogy, the GN drive is the pump. I had suggested that there's normally a balance between hydrogen capture and GN particle production based on the quantity of active catalyst (magnetic monopoles) for accelerating proton decay. The production of catalyst is regulated through the TD blanket, and when Trans-Am occurs, the GN drive can kick into overdrive because the normally regulated number of catalysts is increased (based on what's official info, tripled). Correspondingly, the production rate of particles is tripled. However, this does not affect hydrogen capture rate, as that's going to be more or less constant. It can certainly increase somewhat, but this has to be balanced out with the electricity usage of other systems. Regardless, there will come a time when kicking into overdrive cannot last. Thus there is a time limit before the production rate cannot be sustained as a result of the rate-limiting hydrogen capture. Note also that simultaneous to this there will also be a larger production of electricity - which will aid in powering servos and other systems beyond their design spec. So that's what's going on within the GN drive itself.

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Trans-Am for GN[T] suits

So what does this all mean for GN[T] equipped machines? Well, they theoretically have the parts to go Trans-Am. A GN[T] suit will need to be able to shunt a large amount of electricity to suddenly generate a sufficient quantity of GN particles to greatly compress the GN particles in its condensers. It will also need a good number of high capacity condensers for the GN[T] to last. 

The problem here is that after Trans-Am, a GN[T] suit will fall like a brick because it's expended all its propellant - the GN particles. All it'll be good for is being an oversized paperweight, even if it has a little bit of electricity left afterwards. Thus, the present generation of Federation/A-Laws mobile suits cannot handle Trans-Am. The situation may be different for the Masurao, though - we'll see in Season 2 Ep 16. This section will likely be revised at that time.

GN Particle Physics

So far, the following observations pertain to GN particles:

1. It's a byproduct of the GN drive, but not used for power generation
2. It glows, but then likely disappears after a while.
3. It can be manipulated using some kind of field (electromagnetic?)
4. It's capable of being condensed, channeled, and focused for a) multidirectional thrust (note the lack of verniers on GN drive-equipped MS), B) beam weaponry, c) shielding (indicating its ability to form lattices), and d) preserving and enhancing sharp blades
4. It has high specific heat, allowing a ship with crap for aerodynamics safe atmospheric entry at high speed
5. At low velocities it can penetrate through solid walls (GN particle swirls during 00 Raiser Trans-Am startup, Ali's cockpit in ep 14) but it's also capable of developing high kinetic energy and transferring that energy on impact (beam weapons, GN blades)
6. It reduces the weight of objects in the immediate environment
7. It disrupts radio and radar, does not produce heat emissions due to the GN drive's invisibility to IR search-and-track
8. It facilitates rapid communication via quantum brainwaves (does it have to be brainwaves?)
9. At high enough density it allows objects to undergo quantization and teleportation (??)
10. At high particle density it can repel kinetic, heat, and beam attacks

This is going to take a while to unravel, so this section will be continually modified. But first of all...

What is a GN particle?

I think we might be dealing with particles that are supposed to be X and Y bosons, with interesting twists. There's no evidence yet for these particles, but they're supposed to be very massive (that means they are very good at attracting Higgs bosons in the Little Higgs theory). X/Y bosons are supposed to be gauge bosons (primary force carriers of fundamental forces) in many grand unified theories that unite the electromagnetic force with the nuclear forces (strong and weak). It should be noted that the photon is a gauge boson (primary force carrier) for the electromagnetic force, so in a way, X/Y bosons are like photons. The X/Y bosons are also linked to baryogenesis, since they bind leptons with quarks, and as a reverse result, a potential product of proton decay. Also, like the photon, X/Y bosons have a spin of 1. 

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GN Particle Compression and Its Utility

This section will be expanded on, pertaining to weapons, thrust, and GN fields.
[*** Added content by Gintong Martilyo (Aug 18 2012)]: 

> Flight: I also wonder what kind of external forces autonomous from the MS can affect the GN particles; since the GNMA-0001V Regnant is capable of bending its beam altering its path and if it can also negate other forces such as the force of gravity which explains how the MS can achieve flight without the use of thrusters
 > GN field: the GN field is produced by concentrating a high amount of particles within a certain location meaning particles can be condensed outside of the MS which causes the shield. Furthermore, concentrating a GN field in one location amplifies beam output. this is demonstrated by Seravee's beam output capacity 
> GN Field infused weaponry: fields can be formed to cutting blades or can be used to infuse a solid state blade and create a more powerful weapon.

A Matter of Colors

One of the seeming paradoxes of the show is the matter of the particle colors. Green/blue is considered a higher frequency, and thus energy, photon than orange/red. This may clue us in to inefficiencies in the GN[T] making process. However, condensation of the green/blue particles results in a higher quantum state whose decay mode releases "pink" photons. Hmm. Conventionally we think, "pink is close to red, shouldn't that mean lower energy/" In reality, that's not true.

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[*** Added content by Gintong Martilyo (Aug 18 2012)]: 

 > Colours: it also stated that impure particles can have a variety of colours depending on the filtration applied. it is also strange that the  GNMA-XCVII Alvatore is able to produce Golden GN particles. In my opinion the GN particle does not act as a wave of the visible spectrum but rather it acts as a particle that distorts light or is capable of absorbing certain frequencies of visible light depending on its filtration; just as vapour is able to create rainbows or like how particles can only absorb and release certain quanta of energy .

Red GN particles from GNX Tau Drive:
Gold GN particles from Alvatore GN drive

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